Vitiligo is a disease that cannot be hidden. It has distinctive white patches as the symptom where the skin loses its pigmentation. These patches maybe small to begin with and may change their shape and increase over a period of time. These patches are generally visible on face, hands and wrists. The patches may be more visible around the skin surrounding mouth, eyes, nostrils and other such areas.
Since the disease is easy to spot, it often leads to stigmas and boycott of patients from the society. This is due to lack of knowledge about the disease. Vitiligo is not a communal disease- it cannot be passed on with touch or breathing. However, stigmatisation may lead to depression in the patient.
Vitiligo treatment, if taken at the right time, can ensure that the disease does not increase further. This includes applying some topical creams that may help to some extent. Other treatments are done by exposing the affected area to rays- laser rays, UVA rays or light box. When the affected area is small then laser or UVA rays can be given. When the areas is quite large then light box may be used. Light treatment have been successful in some of the cases.
Vitiligo surgery is another method of treatment. This treatment enjoys the maximum success. However, this is usually recommended only for adults and once it is determined that the disease is stable- i.e. the vitiligo affected area is not increasing.